In 2011, during NATO-led Operation Unified Protector, Türkiye evacuated and treated seriously wounded from the besieged Libyan towns of Misurata and Benghazi. The wounded were cared for onboard a Turkish ship and, upon arrival at the Turkish port of Çeşme, were transported to medical centers for further care.
The PKK operated a shift in its public rhetoric in 1995 to acknowledge the importance of international humanitarian law and humanitarian principles. Its internal rules on the conduct of hostilities were published in 2011. The PKK is listed as a terrorist organization by many States.