View cases by country

Falklands Malvinas

Falklands Malvinas
7628

Falklands Malvinas

Falklands Malvinas
7628

Falklands Malvinas

Falklands Malvinas
7628

Falklands Malvinas

Falklands Malvinas
7628

Peru

Peru
7882

Peru

Peru
7882

Peru

Peru
7882

Peru

Peru
7882

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo
7602

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo
7602

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo
7602

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo
7602

Somalia

Somalia
7613

Somalia

Somalia
7613

Somalia

Somalia
7613

Somalia

Somalia
7613

Somalia

Somalia
7613

Somalia

Somalia
7613

Colombia

Colombia
7625

Colombia

Colombia
7625

Colombia

Colombia
7625

Colombia

Colombia
7625

Ivory Coast

Ivory Coast
7601

Ivory Coast

Ivory Coast
7601

Central African Republic

Central African Republic
7599

Central African Republic

Central African Republic
7599

Central African Republic

Central African Republic
7599

Central African Republic

Central African Republic
7599

South Sudan

South Sudan
7615

South Sudan

South Sudan
7615

South Sudan

South Sudan
7615

South Sudan

South Sudan
7615

South Sudan

South Sudan
7615

South Sudan

South Sudan
7615

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka
7649

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka
7649

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka
7649

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka
7649

Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea

Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea
7612

Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea

Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea
7612

Nigeria

Nigeria
7610

Nigeria

Nigeria
7610

Sudan

Sudan
7616

Sudan

Sudan
7616

Sudan

Sudan
7616

Sudan

Sudan
7616

Sudan

Sudan
7616

Sudan

Sudan
7616

Philippines

Philippines
7647

Philippines

Philippines
7647

Philippines

Philippines
7647

Philippines

Philippines
7647

Philippines

Philippines
7647

Philippines

Philippines
7647

Chad

Chad
7888

Chad

Chad
7888

Ethiopia and Eritrea

Ethiopia and Eritrea
7603

Ethiopia and Eritrea

Ethiopia and Eritrea
7603

Thailand

Thailand
7651

Thailand

Thailand
7651

Yemen

Yemen
7680

Yemen

Yemen
7680

Niger

Niger
7890

Niger

Niger
7890

Mali

Mali
7607

Mali

Mali
7607

Mali

Mali
7607

Mali

Mali
7607

India

India
7640

India

India
7640

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Nepal

Nepal
7645

Nepal

Nepal
7645

Nepal

Nepal
7645

Nepal

Nepal
7645

Nepal

Nepal
7645

Nepal

Nepal
7645

Nepal

Nepal
7645

Nepal

Nepal
7645

Kuwait

Kuwait
7676

Kuwait

Kuwait
7676

Kuwait

Kuwait
7676

Kuwait

Kuwait
7676

Jordan

Jordan
7895

Jordan

Jordan
7895

Iran

Iran
7673

Iran

Iran
7673

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Syria

Syria
7679

Syria

Syria
7679

Afghanistan

Afghanistan
7635

Afghanistan

Afghanistan
7635

Afghanistan

Afghanistan
7635

Afghanistan

Afghanistan
7635

Cyprus

Cyprus
7656

Cyprus

Cyprus
7656

United States

United States
7634

United States

United States
7634

Turkey

Turkey
7669

Turkey

Turkey
7669

Georgia

Georgia
7660

Georgia

Georgia
7660

Georgia

Georgia
7660

Georgia

Georgia
7660

Georgia

Georgia
7660

Georgia

Georgia
7660

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina
7654

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina
7654

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina
7654

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina
7654

Croatia

Croatia
7655

Croatia

Croatia
7655

Croatia

Croatia
7655

Croatia

Croatia
7655

NEW: Somalia, AMISOM Takes Steps to Enhance Protection for Civilians

Mogadishu, Hodan district.

NEW: Somalia, AMISOM Takes Steps to Enhance Protection for Civilians

Learn more about the steps taken by the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) to provide further protection for civilians from the effects of hostilities; you will also learn about AMISOM's new civilian casualty tracking cell.

As you will discover in this case study, respecting the law and protecting civilians can also serve military interests.

NEW: The Netherlands/Cyprus, Repatriation of Cultural Property

Credits: http://www.mcw.gov.cy/mcw/da/da.nsf/All/49DAF5E76419EBAC42257C300035C4BA?OpenDocument

NEW: The Netherlands/Cyprus, Repatriation of Cultural Property

This case study describes how the Netherlands adopted new legislation implementing the First Protocol to the 1954 Hague Convention in 2007 and subsequently restored four icons to Cyprus in 2013.

What influenced this act of compliance with IHL? External political pressure? Judicial action by Cyprus? Its own experience of looting of its cultural property during past armed conflicts?

NEW: Croatia, Clarifying the fate of missing persons

Vukovar, Serbian family holding a picture of a missing son.

NEW: Croatia, Clarifying the fate of missing persons

Various measures have been put in place in Croatia to search for people who went missing during the armed conflict in the former Yugoslavia that lasted from 1991 to 1995. These measures led to the recovery and identification of numerous dead bodies.

See the case study to learn about the important role played by the families of missing people, and civil society, in resolving missing-persons cases, and how these actions – which demonstrated respect for IHL – have helped to heal some of the trauma caused by war.

NEW: Iraq/Kuwait, Clarifying the Fate of Missing Persons

Iraq and Kuwait missing persons

NEW: Iraq/Kuwait, Clarifying the Fate of Missing Persons

This IHL in Action case study tells the story of Iraq and Kuwait’s collaboration to locate, exhume and repatriate the remains of the dead. How was respect for these international humanitarian law (IHL) obligations enabled? Discover more here.

Explore how mediation and support of external actors can play a positive role in ensuring respect for the law.

Protection of persons and objectsKuwaitIraq

NEW: Yemen, Exchange Agreement and Release of Detainees

Release of detainees from the Yemen conflict.

NEW: Yemen, Exchange Agreement and Release of Detainees

Explore the case study below, which describes how both parties to the conflict in Yemen signed the Stockholm Agreements and later released hundreds of detainees. What led the parties to demonstrate their respect for IHL? Could diplomatic efforts and international pressure have influenced their actions? What about their interest in gaining credibility and improving their public image? Was one party led to act as it did by the actions of the other party?

About the project

“IHL in action: Respect for the law on the battlefield” is a collection of real case-studies documenting compliance with international humanitarian law (IHL) in modern warfare. Based on publicly available information, these cases have been assessed by academics as demonstrating respect for IHL. From 2016 to 2020 the project has been conducted by four leadoff IHL clinics: Emory University School of Law, Leiden University, Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya and Roma Tre University.

The current active partnership is with Leiden University. All cases have undergone independent peer review. The database is hosted by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) with a view to encourage the reporting, collection and promotion of instances of respect for IHL. The cases shall not be construed as reflecting the views of the ICRC.

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