View cases by country

Falklands Malvinas

Falklands Malvinas
7628

Falklands Malvinas

Falklands Malvinas
7628

Falklands Malvinas

Falklands Malvinas
7628

Falklands Malvinas

Falklands Malvinas
7628

Peru

Peru
7882

Peru

Peru
7882

Peru

Peru
7882

Peru

Peru
7882

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo
7602

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo
7602

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo
7602

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo
7602

Somalia

Somalia
7613

Somalia

Somalia
7613

Somalia

Somalia
7613

Somalia

Somalia
7613

Somalia

Somalia
7613

Somalia

Somalia
7613

Colombia

Colombia
7625

Colombia

Colombia
7625

Colombia

Colombia
7625

Colombia

Colombia
7625

Ivory Coast

Ivory Coast
7601

Ivory Coast

Ivory Coast
7601

Central African Republic

Central African Republic
7599

Central African Republic

Central African Republic
7599

Central African Republic

Central African Republic
7599

Central African Republic

Central African Republic
7599

South Sudan

South Sudan
7615

South Sudan

South Sudan
7615

South Sudan

South Sudan
7615

South Sudan

South Sudan
7615

South Sudan

South Sudan
7615

South Sudan

South Sudan
7615

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka
7649

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka
7649

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka
7649

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka
7649

Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea

Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea
7612

Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea

Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea
7612

Nigeria

Nigeria
7610

Nigeria

Nigeria
7610

Sudan

Sudan
7616

Sudan

Sudan
7616

Sudan

Sudan
7616

Sudan

Sudan
7616

Sudan

Sudan
7616

Sudan

Sudan
7616

Philippines

Philippines
7647

Philippines

Philippines
7647

Philippines

Philippines
7647

Philippines

Philippines
7647

Philippines

Philippines
7647

Philippines

Philippines
7647

Chad

Chad
7888

Chad

Chad
7888

Ethiopia and Eritrea

Ethiopia and Eritrea
7603

Ethiopia and Eritrea

Ethiopia and Eritrea
7603

Thailand

Thailand
7651

Thailand

Thailand
7651

Yemen

Yemen
7680

Yemen

Yemen
7680

Niger

Niger
7890

Niger

Niger
7890

Mali

Mali
7607

Mali

Mali
7607

Mali

Mali
7607

Mali

Mali
7607

India

India
7640

India

India
7640

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Libya

Libya
7606

Nepal

Nepal
7645

Nepal

Nepal
7645

Nepal

Nepal
7645

Nepal

Nepal
7645

Nepal

Nepal
7645

Nepal

Nepal
7645

Nepal

Nepal
7645

Nepal

Nepal
7645

Kuwait

Kuwait
7676

Kuwait

Kuwait
7676

Kuwait

Kuwait
7676

Kuwait

Kuwait
7676

Jordan

Jordan
7895

Jordan

Jordan
7895

Iran

Iran
7673

Iran

Iran
7673

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Iraq

Iraq
7674

Syria

Syria
7679

Syria

Syria
7679

Afghanistan

Afghanistan
7635

Afghanistan

Afghanistan
7635

Afghanistan

Afghanistan
7635

Afghanistan

Afghanistan
7635

Cyprus

Cyprus
7656

Cyprus

Cyprus
7656

United States

United States
7634

United States

United States
7634

Turkey

Turkey
7669

Turkey

Turkey
7669

Georgia

Georgia
7660

Georgia

Georgia
7660

Georgia

Georgia
7660

Georgia

Georgia
7660

Georgia

Georgia
7660

Georgia

Georgia
7660

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina
7654

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina
7654

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina
7654

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina
7654

Croatia

Croatia
7655

Croatia

Croatia
7655

Croatia

Croatia
7655

Croatia

Croatia
7655

NEW: Iraq/Kuwait, Clarifying the Fate of Missing Persons

Iraq and Kuwait missing persons

NEW: Iraq/Kuwait, Clarifying the Fate of Missing Persons

This IHL in Action case study tells the story of Iraq and Kuwait’s collaboration to locate, exhume and repatriate the remains of the dead. How was respect for these international humanitarian law (IHL) obligations enabled? Discover more here.

Explore how mediation and support of external actors can play a positive role in ensuring respect for the law.

Protection of persons and objectsKuwaitIraq

NEW: Yemen, Exchange Agreement and Release of Detainees

Release of detainees from the Yemen conflict.

NEW: Yemen, Exchange Agreement and Release of Detainees

Explore the case study below, which describes how both parties to the conflict in Yemen signed the Stockholm Agreements and later released hundreds of detainees. What led the parties to demonstrate their respect for IHL? Could diplomatic efforts and international pressure have influenced their actions? What about their interest in gaining credibility and improving their public image? Was one party led to act as it did by the actions of the other party?

NEW: Libya, Canada’s Operation Mobile and the Principles of Proportionality and Precautions in Attack

Sirte, Destructions.

NEW: Libya, Canada’s Operation Mobile and the Principles of Proportionality and Precautions in Attack

Learn more from this case study about application of the principles of proportionality and precautions in attack. During Canada's Operation Mobile in Libya, two Canadian fighter jets aborted an airstrike they had been authorized to carry out, based on their assessment that the collateral damage would be too high. What made the pilots take this decision? Military interests? Fear of endangering political support for Operation Mobile? Military ethics?

NEW: Croatia, Demining Activities

Croatia, Demining Activities

NEW: Croatia, Demining Activities

Learn more about Croatia's demining activities – and the results – after it ratified the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Treaty in 1998. What elements contributed to this demonstration of respect for IHL? Awareness of the long-term benefits to the country – for its socio-economic development, for instance? The support of a broad range of external actors, including other states? External political pressure?

NEW: Falkland/Malvinas Islands, Medical Treatment for Wounded Combatants

Falkland/Malvinas Islands Conflict.

NEW: Falkland/Malvinas Islands, Medical Treatment for Wounded Combatants

During the 1982 conflict in the Falklands/Malvinas, British military medical personnel provided comprehensive medical treatment for wounded enemy combatants – based on medical need alone and regardless of allegiance, as required by IHL. Pre-combat training influenced the actions of these military medical personnel; explore whether their geographical situation, in close proximity to the site of hostilities, may have facilitated their treatment of combatants from both sides.

About the project

“IHL in action: Respect for the law on the battlefield” is a collection of real case-studies documenting compliance with international humanitarian law (IHL) in modern warfare. Based on publicly available information, these cases have been assessed by academics as demonstrating respect for IHL. From 2016 to 2020 the project has been conducted by four leadoff IHL clinics: Emory University School of Law, Leiden University, Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya and Roma Tre University.

The current active partnership is with Leiden University. All cases have undergone independent peer review. The database is hosted by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) with a view to encourage the reporting, collection and promotion of instances of respect for IHL. The cases shall not be construed as reflecting the views of the ICRC.

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