Asia and The Pacific

As part of a peace agreement with the Free Aceh Movement (‘GAM’) signed on 15 August 2005, the Government of Indonesia released thousands of people detained during the conflict. This act of compliance with IHL is said to have been motivated by the consequences of the Indian ocean tsunami of 2004 and has paved the way towards a successful peace process.
During the armed conflict that took place between Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) until 2009, the parties and international actors worked together to remove landmines.
Schools in Jammu and Kashmir run an international humanitarian law (IHL) programme and Indian universities provide courses in IHL. The humanitarian ideals of IHL find foundation in Indian historical and religious works.
In 1999 and 2004, the New People’s Army (NPA) released persons detained in relation to the armed conflict. During the period of their captivity, detainees were treated in line with the 1998 Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and IHL signed between the Government and the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP).
In 2010 almost 3,000 former child soldiers were discharged from the Maoist fighting forces after the UN verified that they were minors. The discharge was a key component of an action plan signed in 2009 by the UN, the Government of Nepal and the Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist.
Implemented in 2008, the Civilian Casualty Tracking Cell (CCTC) was created within the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan to collect data on civilian casualties. This mechanism resulted in the issuance of new tactical directives and guidelines by ISAF and NATO in an effort to mitigate civilian casualties. As a result, civilian casualty rates caused by pro-government forces significantly dropped in the following year.
Followings its ratification of the Mine Ban Treaty, the Government of Thailand has taken significant steps to destroy its stockpile of antipersonnel mines, de-mine land and provide community education about the risks of landmines. Casualties from landmines have fallen considerably in the following decades.
In 2009, the Commander of NATO’s International Security Assistance issued a Tactical Directive in order to reduce civilian casualties in operations in Afghanistan. This was notably seen as an operational issue since loss of popular support was deemed decisive in the struggle. This resulted in both significant security gains and reduced civilian casualties. In 2016, two former high-level military officials were advocating for the same measures to be taken in current conflicts.
Following years of interactions with the ICRC, the Nepalese Army have implemented IHL into their military training in 1997. This was included as a requirement by law in the Army Act in 2006.