Asia and The Pacific
Schools in Jammu and Kashmir run an international humanitarian law (IHL) programme and Indian universities provide courses in IHL. The humanitarian ideals of IHL find foundation in Indian historical and religious works.
In 1999 and 2004, the New People’s Army (NPA) released persons detained in relation to the armed conflict. During the period of their captivity, detainees were treated in line with the 1998 Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and IHL signed between the Government and the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP).
In 2010 almost 3,000 former child soldiers were discharged from the Maoist fighting forces after the UN verified that they were minors. The discharge was a key component of an action plan signed in 2009 by the UN, the Government of Nepal and the Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist.
During the armed conflict that took place between Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) until 2009, the parties and international actors worked together to remove landmines.
Implemented in 2008, the Civilian Casualty Tracking Cell (CCTC) was created within the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan to collect data on civilian casualties. This mechanism resulted in the issuance of new tactical directives and guidelines by ISAF and NATO in an effort to mitigate civilian casualties. As a result, civilian casualty rates caused by pro-… Read more ...
Followings its ratification of the Mine Ban Treaty, the Government of Thailand has taken significant steps to destroy its stockpile of antipersonnel mines, de-mine land and provide community education about the risks of landmines. Casualties from landmines have fallen considerably in the following decades.
The Moro Islamic Liberation Front unilaterally committed to a total ban on anti-personnel mines in its conflict with the Government of the Philippines. Its commitment is being used as an example for other non-state armed groups in the Philippines.
In 2009, the Commander of NATO’s International Security Assistance issued a Tactical Directive in order to reduce civilian casualties in operations in Afghanistan. This was notably seen as an operational issue since loss of popular support was deemed decisive in the struggle. This resulted in both significant security gains and reduced civilian casualties. In 2016, two former high-level military… Read more ...
Following years of interactions with the ICRC, the Nepalese Army have implemented IHL into their military training in 1997. This was included as a requirement by law in the Army Act in 2006.
During the conflict between Sri Lanka and the LTTE, successful evacuations of the wounded and sick were undertaken by the Sri Lankan Navy, with support of the ICRC.