Bosnia and Herzegovina

In the context of the 1992-1995 armed conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a special agreement was made by the parties containing, among others, the commitment to disseminate IHL. Furthermore, numerous legal advisers were called by the parties to advice commanders and soldiers on Rules of Engagement and other legal matters.
Assisted by the International Commission on Missing Persons and other organizations, Bosnia-Herzegovina has, since the late 1990s, been developing means to tackle the issue of missing persons: this has resulted in the identification of over 27,000 people who went missing during the Bosnian War. Internal pressure from the population to find and identify their loved ones, and a willingness to bring about reconciliation in the region, are among the factors that seem to have contributed to compliance with IHL.