In the city of Gao, a force Commander of the French military decides to use 30 mm shells instead of a helicopter armed with HOT (High Subsonic Optical Remote-Guided, Tube-Launched) missiles to destroy a police station under the control of the enemy, judging that using HOT missiles in an urban area was too great of a risk to harm civilians.
IHL training has been undertaken by the Malian armed forces and various non-state armed groups operating in Mali. The humanitarian principles of IHL find foundation in Malian domestic law and culture.