In 2010 almost 3,000 former child soldiers were discharged from the Maoist fighting forces after the UN verified that they were minors. The discharge was a key component of an action plan signed in 2009 by the UN, the Government of Nepal and the Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist.
In the lead up to peace talks, the Nepalese government released hundreds of Maoist rebels previously detained in the conflict.
The Supreme Court of Nepal has played an important role in ensuring Nepal’s compliance with IHL, with key decisions on the grounds for detention and the legality of amnesties.
Following years of interactions with the ICRC, the Nepalese Army have implemented IHL into their military training in 1997. This was included as a requirement by law in the Army Act in 2006.