Implementation mechanisms

The African Union Mission in Somalia and two other actors in the region enabled training in IHL and international human rights law for officers of the Somali National Army and the Special Police Force. The training was designed specifically for the Somali context and included references to traditions and religious rules that can be influential in ensuring respect for the law.
The PKK operated a shift in its public rhetoric in 1995 to acknowledge the importance of international humanitarian law and humanitarian principles. Its internal rules on the conduct of hostilities were published in 2011. The PKK is listed as a terrorist organization by many States.
In the context of the 1992-1995 armed conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a special agreement was made by the parties containing, among others, the commitment to disseminate IHL. Furthermore, numerous legal advisers were called by the parties to advice commanders and soldiers on Rules of Engagement and other legal matters.
Schools in Jammu and Kashmir run an international humanitarian law (IHL) programme and Indian universities provide courses in IHL. The humanitarian ideals of IHL find foundation in Indian historical and religious works.
In 2014, immediately after the commencement of liberating ISIS controlled areas, a Presidential Decree was issued in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq which instructed Peshmerga armed forces to comply with IHL. This was followed by consultations between IHL experts and the commanders, capacity building activities for 40 individuals to conduct IHL trainings within the armed forces, as well as the distribution of manuals on IHL for Peshmerga armed forces. In 2018, Peshmerga forces adopted their first code of conduct.
Soldiers and commanders of different Kurdish armed groups received training on IHL from different actors. Subsequently, Kurdish authorities issued a new Decree and amended the existing normative framework in order to enforce the compliance with IHL and the protection of civilians.
Following the signature of three Deeds of Commitment, members of organized armed groups, law-enforcement actors and representatives of the civil society attended a series of training sessions and dissemination programs on the enforcement of the obligations contained in these documents and more generally international humanitarian norms.
During the invasion of the US-led coalition in Iraq in 2003, legal advisers reviewed operational decisions and targeting procedures with the purpose of ensuring compliance with IHL.