Implementation mechanisms

The African Union Mission in Somalia and two other actors in the region enabled training in IHL and international human rights law for officers of the Somali National Army and the Special Police Force. The training was designed specifically for the Somali context and included references to traditions and religious rules that can be influential in ensuring respect for the law.
Following the signature of three Deeds of Commitment, members of organized armed groups, law-enforcement actors and representatives of the civil society attended a series of training sessions and dissemination programs on the enforcement of the obligations contained in these documents and more generally international humanitarian norms.
During the invasion of the US-led coalition in Iraq in 2003, legal advisers reviewed operational decisions and targeting procedures with the purpose of ensuring compliance with IHL.
Schools in Jammu and Kashmir run an international humanitarian law (IHL) programme and Indian universities provide courses in IHL. The humanitarian ideals of IHL find foundation in Indian historical and religious works.
In the context of the 1992-1995 armed conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a special agreement was made by the parties containing, among others, the commitment to disseminate IHL. Furthermore, numerous legal advisers were called by the parties to advice commanders and soldiers on Rules of Engagement and other legal matters.
Following years of interactions with the ICRC, the Nepalese Army have implemented IHL into their military training in 1997. This was included as a requirement by law in the Army Act in 2006.
During the 2011 armed conflict in Libya, the Libyan National Transitional Council (NTC) launched a frontline manual on the fundamental rules of armed conflict and distributed it in various forms, including sending extracts as text messages on mobile phones and broadcasting non-stop radio and TV messages.
Soldiers and commanders of different Kurdish armed groups received training on IHL from different actors. Subsequently, Kurdish authorities issued a new Decree and amended the existing normative framework in order to enforce the compliance with IHL and the protection of civilians.