Protection of persons and objects
In 2011, Chad signed an Action Plan with the United Nations designed to address its use of child soldiers. Chad took concrete measures to implement the Action plan. It adopted legislation prohibiting and criminalizing the recruitment of child soldiers and undertook screening measures to ensure that no child soldiers remained in its armed forces. In 2014, the Action Plan was declared fulfilled and… Read more ...
Jordan took measures to seize and safeguard the cultural property stolen during the 2003 armed conflict in Iraq and illegally smuggled within its territory. When the situation stabilized, Jordan repatriated artefacts to Iraq.
In the aftermath of the conflict in the 1990’s and 2008 in Georgia, the ICRC facilitated the establishment of coordination mechanisms for clarifying the fate of missing persons, which has brought concrete results in recovering the bodies of the dead, informing the next of kin and returning to them the remains of their loved ones.
In 2007, the Government of Georgia adopted a State Strategy for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). This strategy was also relevant to address IDPs fluxes caused by the 2008 conflict, and facilitated the improvement of IDPs living conditions.
An agreement facilitated by the humanitarian organisation “Community of Sant’Egidio” and concluded in Rome on 18 June 2016 by leaders of different ethnic and political groups from the southern part of the country led to the distribution of medicines and other humanitarian aid in the Fezzan area, South Libya.
Iraq/Iran, Cooperation in the Search for and Repatriation of Mortal Remains after the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)
In 2008 the governments of Iraq and Iran signed with the ICRC a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) establishing a clear framework for collecting and sharing information about missing persons and the returning of mortal remains. Accordingly, a series of measures aimed at improving searches, protect mass graves and establish a proper treatment of the dead in the armed conflict were launched.
In 2010 almost 3,000 former child soldiers were discharged from the Maoist fighting forces after the UN verified that they were minors. The discharge was a key component of an action plan signed in 2009 by the UN, the Government of Nepal and the Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist.
In 2014, in face of the armed conflict in South Sudan, its neighbor country Sudan agreed on the opening of a humanitarian corridor to facilitate the access of humanitarian relief to the affected population. With the help of the United Nations World Food Programme, several humanitarian convoys reached South Sudan through such corridor.
In the past few years and until today, the Colombian government and the FARC have been working, in collaboration with international organizations, on the demobilization of child soldiers and their reintegration into society.
After the 1980 – 2000 conflict, the government of Peru established the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. In the following years, further measures have been taken by the Peruvian government to search and exhume the dead related to the conflict.