Protection of persons and objects
During the 2007-2009 conflict, a non-State armed group Mouvement des Nigériens pour la Justice (MNJ) allowed the ICRC to provide first aid to captured soldiers of the Forces Armées du Niger (FAN) and released the soldiers in need of medical assistance. The ICRC was also granted the access to visit the detainees during their internment. The MNJ later released the remaining soldiers.
In 1999 and 2004, the New People’s Army (NPA) released persons detained in relation to the armed conflict. During the period of their captivity, detainees were treated in line with the 1998 Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and IHL signed between the Government and the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP).
In the aftermath of the conflict in the 1990’s and 2008 in Georgia, the ICRC facilitated the establishment of coordination mechanisms for clarifying the fate of missing persons, which has brought concrete results in recovering the bodies of the dead, informing the next of kin and returning to them the remains of their loved ones.
In 2007, the Government of Georgia adopted a State Strategy for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). This strategy was also relevant to address IDPs fluxes caused by the 2008 conflict, and facilitated the improvement of IDPs living conditions.
An agreement facilitated by the humanitarian organisation “Community of Sant’Egidio” and concluded in Rome on 18 June 2016 by leaders of different ethnic and political groups from the southern part of the country led to the distribution of medicines and other humanitarian aid in the Fezzan area, South Libya.
Iraq/Iran, Cooperation in the Search for and Repatriation of Mortal Remains after the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)
In 2008 the governments of Iraq and Iran signed with the ICRC a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) establishing a clear framework for collecting and sharing information about missing persons and the returning of mortal remains. Accordingly, a series of measures aimed at improving searches, protect mass graves and establish a proper treatment of the dead in the armed conflict were launched.
In 2010 almost 3,000 former child soldiers were discharged from the Maoist fighting forces after the UN verified that they were minors. The discharge was a key component of an action plan signed in 2009 by the UN, the Government of Nepal and the Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist.
In 2014, in face of the armed conflict in South Sudan, its neighbor country Sudan agreed on the opening of a humanitarian corridor to facilitate the access of humanitarian relief to the affected population. With the help of the United Nations World Food Programme, several humanitarian convoys reached South Sudan through such corridor.
In 2013, the government of Sudan and the Justice and Equality Movement signed a ceasefire agreement including obligations towards the protection of children. In 2016, Sudan signed an Action Plan with the United Nations to prevent the recruitment of children by its armed forces. If the measures agreed to in the Action Plan are completed, the Sudanese Government Security Forces will be removed from… Read more ...
In the lead up to peace talks, the Nepalese government released hundreds of Maoist rebels previously detained in the conflict.