Protection of persons and objects
Faced with an increasing number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) created by the conflict with Boko Haram, Nigeria has been taking measures to ensure satisfactory conditions to IDPs. This was made possible thanks to the cooperation with UNHCR and other agencies.
United States/United Kingdom, Medical Treatment and Care of Wounded Soldiers during the Persian Gulf War
During the Persian Gulf War of 1990-91, the UK and US set up field hospitals and other medical facilities, organized evacuations and provided both Coalition and Iraqi combatants with medical care.
At the 2015 Bangui Forum, facilitated by UNICEF and MINUSCA, it was agreed that 10,000 children would be released from armed groups. This was followed by several actual releases and public ceremonies.
In 2012 the UN and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army signed an agreement to stop child recruitment; in 2015 the South Sudan Democratic Army handed over children to UNICEF as part of deal between the group and the State, heralded as “one of the largest ever demobilisations of children” (UNICEF).
In Libya, after social unrest escalated into armed conflict in 2011, the detaining authorities permitted the ICRC to visit different detaining facilities and detainees of their choice.
During and after the armed conflict between Colombia and the FARC, several deals were made between the parties in order to ensure an efficient search, identification and delivery of the remains of persons deemed missing within the context of the armed conflict.
In the context of the conflict in Sierra Leone, over 6,000 child soldiers have been demobilized. This was possible thanks to the cooperation of the parties, with the support of entities such as UNAMSIL and UNICEF.
35 years after the end of the armed conflict in Falkland/Malvinas Islands, Argentina and the UK signed the Humanitarian Project Plan (HPP) and entrusted the ICRC to undertake the forensic identification of unknown soldiers.
During the 2007-2009 conflict, a non-State armed group Mouvement des Nigériens pour la Justice (MNJ) allowed the ICRC to provide first aid to captured soldiers of the Forces Armées du Niger (FAN) and released the soldiers in need of medical assistance. The ICRC was also granted the access to visit the detainees during their internment. The MNJ later released the remaining soldiers.
In 1999 and 2004, the New People’s Army (NPA) released persons detained in relation to the armed conflict. During the period of their captivity, detainees were treated in line with the 1998 Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and IHL signed between the Government and the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP).